How Does Blood Sugar Affect Fertility?

How blood sugar works: All the carbohydrates we eat (sugary/starchy foods such as fruit, bread, pasta, cakes and pastries) are broken down into glucose which gives us energy.  Certain foods are broken down into glucose very quickly which result in an instant surge of energy. The negative effect of this is that blood sugar levels are reduced very quickly, resulting in symptoms such as feeling low in energy, suddenly becoming hungry, experiencing sugar cravings, feeling shaky or anxious. Going without food for long periods of time can also have the same effect. So how does this affect fertility?  Sugar is a problem because it can cause weight gain, which then increases oestrogen production and creates hormone imbalance.  Blood sugar imbalance means the body releases high levels of insulin, the more insulin is released the more food is converted into fat, and the more oestrogen is manufactured, When blood sugar levels dip the body responds by releasing adrenaline. This blocks the uptake of the hormone progesterone in the second half of the menstrual cycle which causes oestrogen dominance.

I have just added a blood sugar diet and more information about blood sugar and polycystic ovaries /syndrome  (PCOS) here  I suggest you download the blood sugar diet but in summary here is some more help:

  • Include a small portion of good quality protein  with most meals and snacks – these need not be animal based. Protein is essential for the growth of  cells and tissue repair and can be found in animal and plant forms. Plant  based proteins have the added benefit of being low in fat and high in fibre, nutrients and vitamins. Protein quantity will vary dependant on your metabolic rate and lifestyle.  If you suffer with sugar imbalances it is a good idea to include a minimum of 1 tablespoon of protein with each meal.  Here is a list of protein sources
    Animal protein: – meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy produce. Fish, especially oily fish (salmon, sardines, trout, krill) has the added advantage of being high in Omega 3 and 6 and provides protection  against heart disease.
    Plant protein: legumes, grains, beans, pulses,  sprouting seeds, flaxseeds and nuts plus Soya products.  Plant proteins  contain phytochemicals that contribute towards health and disease  prevention.
  • Both plant and animal proteins are  vital for the formation of good quality semen, for the overall functioning      of the testes, food quality ovum health, fertilisation and the healthy  development of a young embryo. They are also required for the manufacture  of digestive enzymes, which help you to absorb and assimilate nutrients
  • Add  complex carbohydrates. They are required to add insoluble and soluble  fibre and help to maintain blood sugar because they are low on the  glycaemic index and slow down the release of glucose.  They are whole grains – such as brown rice, unrefined whole wheat, barley, rye, oats, corn, spelt, buckwheat,      polenta, quinoa, millet, lentils and pulses which further support  detoxification and liver cleansing.